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SIVAGANGA , town of British India , in the Madura district of Madras , 25 M. E. of . Pop. (1901) 9097. It contains the residence of a zamindar , whose estate covers an area of 168o sq. m. and pays a permanent land revenue of 20,000. The succession has been the subject of prolonged litigation. Maruthupandiars were the erstwhile rulers of Sivagangai land in Tamil Nadu during the 18th century. That period was called the 'The Golden Age of Sivaganga Kingdom'. According to the Indian history, the ruler had issued a proclamation against the British Rule in India which was called the `Thiruchirapalli Proclamation' and which emphasised that the British rulers should quit India.

Maruthu brothers organised a disciplined movement against the British Government. They collected various kings of south India and organised a rebellion. The British troops started war against the brave brothers on 28.05.1801. The Maruthu brothers carried out guerrilla attacks against them. The war did not end as per the expectations of the British rulers. Because of their brave fighting, the war went on for 150 days. The Marudhu brothers continued guerrilla attacks against the British Army. A prize money was announced by the British Army for giving information about Marudhu brothers. It worked out. The Marudhu brothers were arrested and imprisoned. Finally, they were hanged with their associates in the ruined fort of Thiruppathur, Sivaganga District, Tamil Nadu, on 24.10.1801


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